Civil War Library

Original Union and Confederate Books, Manuscripts and Photographs

Updated February 11, 2018

Bibliography: Abolition and Anti-Slavery Activism


 

Biographical Reference Compilations

 

Allen, American Biographical Dictionary, 8vo, 1856.

 

Appletons’ Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 1888

 

Appleton, New American Cyclopaedia, and Annuals, 27 vols. 8vo.

 

American National Biography, Oxford University Press, New York, 2002.

 

Blake, Biographical Dictionary, 8vo, 1856.

 

Blake, Rev. J. L. A General Biographical Dictionary: Comprising a Summary Account of the Most Distinguished Persons of all Ages, Nations and Professions: Including More than One Thousand Articles of American Biography. New York: A. V. Blake, 1840.

 

Dictionary of American Biography, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1936

 

Drake, Frances S. Dictionary of American Biography. Boston, Houghton, Osgood, & Co., 1879.

 

Dupuy, Trevor N., Curt Johnson, & David L. Bongard, eds. The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography. New York, HarperCollins, 1992.

 

Garraty, John A., and Jerome L. Sternstein, eds. Encyclopedia of American Biography, 2d ed. New York: HarperCollins, 1996.

 

Gates, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., & Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, eds. African American National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2013.

 

Hammersly, Thomas H. S. Complete Regular Army Register of the United States: For One Hundred Years (1779-1879). Washington, DC: Hammersly, 1880.

 

Hornsby, Jr., Alton, ed. Black America: A State-by-State Historical Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2011.

 

Lanman, Charles. Dictionary of Congress, 5th ed., 8vo, 1867.

 

Lanman, Charles. Biographical Annals of the Civil Government of the United States, During its First Century. Washington: James Anglim, 1876.

 

The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. New York: James T. White, 1892.

 

Rodriguez, Junius P., ed. Slavery in the United States: A Social, Political, and Historical Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2007.

 

Schneider, Dorothy, & Carl J. Schneider. An Eyewitness History: Slavery in America, From Colonial Times to the Civil War. Facts On File, 2000.

 

Spradling, Mary Mace. In Black and White: Afro-Americans in print: A Guide to Afro-Americans who have Made Contributions to the United States of America from 1619-1969. Kalamazoo, MI: Kalamazoo Library System, 1971.

 

White’s Conspectus of American Biography: A Tabulated Record of American History and Biography. 2d ed. New York: James T. White, 1937.

 


 

Bibliography

 

Aptheker, Herbert. Abolitionism: A Revolutionary Movement. Boston: Twayne, 1989.

 

———, ed. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New York: Citadel, 1951.

 

Ball, Charles. Slavery in the United States: A Narrative Life and Adventures of Charles Ball. 1837.  Released anonymously in 1836 as The Life and Adventures of a Fugitive Slave.

 

Barnes, Gilbert H. The Antislavery Impulse, 1830-1844. Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1933.

 

Basker, James G., ed. American Antislavery Writings: Colonial Beginnings to Emancipation. Library of America, 2012.

 

Basker, James G., gen. ed. Early American Abolitionists: A Collection of Anti-Slavery Writings, 1760-1820. New York: Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, 2005.

 

Bender, Thomas, ed. The Antislavery Debate: Capitalism and Abolitionism As a Problem of Historical Interpretation. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.

 

Berlin, Ira, Barbara J. Fields, Steven Miller, Joseph Reidy, and Leslie Rowland, eds. Free at Last: A Documentary History of Slavery, Freedom, and the Civil War. New York: Free Press, 1992.

 

Bibb, Henry. Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb: An American Slave.  New York: Author, 1849.

 

Birnbaum, Jonathan, and Clarence Taylor. Civil Rights Since 1787: A Reader on the Black Struggle. New York: New York University Press, 2000.

 

Birney, James G. The American Churches, the Bulwarks of American Slavery. 1835.

 

Blackburn, Robin. The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776-1848. New York: Verso, 1996.

 

Blackett, R. J. M. Building an Antislavery Wall: Black Americans in the Atlantic Abolitionist Movement, 1830-1860. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1983.

 

Blake, Rev. J. L. A General Biographical Dictionary: Comprising a Summary Account of the Most Distinguished Persons of all Ages, Nations and Professions: Including More than One Thousand Articles of American Biography. New York: A. V. Blake, 1840.

 

Blue, Frederick J. No Taint of Compromise: Crusaders in Antislavery Politics. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2005.

 

Bourne, George. The Book and Slavery Irreconcilable.

 

Boston Slave Riot, and Trial of Anthony Burns. Boston: Fetridge and Company. 1854.

 

Bowden, Henry Warner. Dictionary of American Religious Biography (2nd rev. and enl. ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.

 

Bradford, Sarah. Harriet Tubman, the Moses of Her People. Bedford, MA: Applewood  Books, 1886.

 

Brown, Henry. Narrative of the Life of Henry Box Brown.  Manchester: Lee and Glynn, 1851.

 

Brown, Josephine. Biography of an American Bondman, by his Daughter. Boston: R. F. Walcott, 1856.

 

Brown, William Wells. The Black Man: His Antecedents, His Genius, and His Achievements. 1863.

 

———. Clotel, or, The President’s Daughter: A Narrative of Slave Life in the United States. 1853.

 

———. The Escape, or A Leap for Freedom. 1858.

 

———. Narrative of William W. Brown, a Fugitive Slave, Written by Himself.

 

———. The Black Man: His Antecedents, His Genius, and His Achievements. 1863.

 

———. The Negro in the American Rebellion: His Heroism and His Fidelity. Boston: A. G. Brown, 1880.

 

———. The Rising Son; or the Antecedents and Advancement of the Colored Race. Boston: A. G. Brown, 1874.

 

———. My Southern Home, or The South and Its People. 1880.

 

Bruns, Roger, ed. Am I Not a Man and a Brother: The Antislavery Crusade of Revolutionary America, 1688-1788. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1977.

 

Budney, Stephen P. William Jay: Abolitionist and Anticolonialist. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005.

 

Buffum, Arnold. Lectures Showing the Necessity for a Liberty Party, and Setting Forth its Principles, Measures and Object, 1844

 

Carawan, Guy. Been in the Storm so Long.

 

Chadwick, John White, ed.  A Life for Liberty: Anti-Slavery and Other Letters of Sallie Holley. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1899.

 

Child, David Lee. The Despotism of Freedom—or The Tyranny and Cruelty of American Republican Slavemasters, 1833.

 

Child, Lydia Maria. Anti-Slavery Catechism, 1836.

 

———. An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called African, 1836.

 

———. Authentic Accounts of American Slavery, 1835.

 

———. The Duty of Disobedience to the Fugitive Slave Law, 1860.

 

———. The Evils of Slavery, and the Cure of Slavery, 1836.

 

———. Freedmen’s Book, 1865.

 

———. The Patriarchal Institution, 1860.

 

———. The Right Way, the Safe Way, Proved by Emancipation in the British West Indies and Elsewhere. New York, 1860.

 

Clay, Cassius Marcellus. The Life, Memoirs. Writings, and Speeches of Cassius Marcellus Clay. Cincinnati, OH, 1896.

 

———. The Writings of Cassius Marcellus Clay (edited with a Memoir by Horace Greeley). New York, 1848.

 

Cornish, Samuel E., & Wright, Theodore S. The Colonization Scheme Considered in its Rejection by the Colored People, 1840.

 

Craft, Ellen, & Craft, William. Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom, or The Escape of William and Ellen Craft from Slavery. London: William Tweedie, 1860.

 

———. The Fugitive Slave Act. 1850.

 

Cuffee, Paul. A Brief Account of the Settlement and Present Situation of the Colony of Sierra Leone, 1812.

 

Cumbler, John T. From Abolition to Rights for All: The Making of a Reform Community in the Nineteenth Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.

 

Delany, Martin. The Condition, Elevation, Emigration and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States, Politically Considered, Black Classic Press (reprint), 1993.  Project Gutenberg, online.

 

———. “Political Destiny of the Colored Race on the American Continent” (1854).  In Newman, Richard, Patrick Rael & Phillip Lapsansky, Pamphlets of Protest: An Anthology of Early African-American Protest. Routledge, 2000.

 

Delany, Martin. Blake, or the Huts of America (1859-1862). Boston: Beacon Press (reprint), 1970, with Floyd Williams, ed.

 

Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave, 1845.

 

Duberman, Martin, ed. The Antislavery Vanguard: New Essays on the Abolitionists. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1965.

 

DuBois, William E. B. John Brown. Philadelphia: G. W. Jacobs, 1909.

 

Dumond, Dwight Lowell. A Bibliography of Anti-Slavery in America. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1961.

 

———. Antislavery: The Crusade for Freedom in America. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1961.

 

———. Antislavery Origins of the Civil War in the United States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1939.

 

Dupre, Lewis. An Admonitionary Picture and a Solemn Warning Principally Addressed to Professing Christians in the Southern States.

 

Dupuy, Trevor N., Curt Johnson, & David L. Bongard, eds. The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography. New York, HarperCollins, 1992.

 

Eaton, Hosea, Reverend. A Treatise on the Intellectual Character and Political Condition of the Colored People of the United States, 1837.

 

Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano. Gutenberg Project, online.

 

Filler, Louis. The Crusade Against Slavery, 1830-1860. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1960.

 

Finkelman, Paul. Slavery and the Founders: Race and Liberty in the Age of Jefferson. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1996.

 

Fletcher, Roberts S. A History of Oberlin College. Oberlin, Ohio, 1943.

 

Foner, Eric. Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: W. W. Norton, 2010.

 

———. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party Before the Civil War. Oxford University Press, 1995.

 

———. Politics and Ideology in the Age of the Civil War. Oxford University Press, 1980.

 

Fox, Early Lee. The American Colonization Society, 1817-1840. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1919.

 

Garnet, Henry Highland. The Past and Prsent Condition and Destiny of the Colored Race, 1848.

 

Garrison, William Lloyd. Underground Railroad.

 

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., ed. Frederick Douglass: Autobiographies. New York: Library of America, 1994.

 

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., & Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, eds. African American National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2013.

 

Gellman, David N. Emancipating New York: The Politics of Slavery and Freedom, 1777-1827. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006.

 

Goodheart, Lawrence B., and Hugh Hawkins, eds. The Abolitionists: Means, Ends, and Motivations. 3d ed. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath, 1995.

 

Goodman, Paul. Of One Blood: Abolitionism and the Origins of Racial Equality. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998.

 

Gougeon, Len, & Joel Myerson, eds. Ralph Waldo Emerson: Emerson’s Antislavery Writings. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

 

Grimké, Angela E. An Appeal to the Christian Women of the South, 1836.

 

Hammersly, Thomas H. S. Complete Regular Army Register of the United States: For One Hundred Years (1779-1879). Washington, DC: Hammersly, 1880.

 

Hammond, John Craig. Slavery, Freedom, and Expansion in the Early American West. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2007.

 

Hammond, John Craig, & Matthew Mason, eds. Contesting Slavery: The Politics of Bondage and Freedom in the New American Nation. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2011.

 

Harding, Vincent. There Is a River: The Black Struggle for Freedom in America. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1981.

 

Harrold, Stanley. American Abolitionists. New York: Longman Press, 2001.

 

———. The Abolitionists and the South, 1831-1861. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995.

 

Haviland, Laura S. A Woman’s Life-Work: Labors and Experiences of Laura S. Haviland. Chicago: Publishing Association of Friends, 1881.

 

Heyrick, Elizabeth [Coltman]. Immediate, Not Gradual Abolition, or An Inquiry into the Shortest, Safest and Most Effectual Means of Getting Rid of West Indian Slavery, 1824.

 

Hildrith, Richard. The Slave, or Memoirs of Archy Moore (a novel), 1836.

 

Hochschild, Adam. Bury the Chains: Prophets and Rebels in the Fight to Free an Empire’s Slaves. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.

 

Hornsby, Jr., Alton, ed. Black America: A State-by-State Historical Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2011.

 

Huggins, Nathan I. Slave and Citizen: The Life of Frederick Douglass. Little, Brown, 1980.

 

Jackson, Maurice. Let This Voice be Heard: Anthony Benezet, Father of Atlantic Abolitionism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.

 

Jacobs, Harriet Ann.  Edited by Lydia Maria Child. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. 1861.

 

Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on Virginia.

 

Jeffrey, Julie Roy. Abolitionists Remember: Antislavery Autobiographies and the Unfinished Work of Emancipation. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.

 

Jeffrey, Julie Roy. The Great Silent Army of Abolitionism: Ordinary Women in the Antislavery Movement. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

 

Kraut, Alan M., ed. Crusaders and Compromise: Essays on the Relationship of the Antislavery Struggle to the Antebellum Party System. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.

 

Lerner, Gerda. The Grimké Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Women’s Rights and Abolition. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1967. Reprint, 1998.   New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Lincoln, C. Eric, and Milton Meltzer. A Pictorial History of the Negro in America, by Langston Hughes and Milton Meltzer, 3rd ed. New York: Crown Publishers, 1969. (Originally published in 1956.)

 

Liscomb, A.A. & Berg, A.L., eds. The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, 20 vols., Washington, 1903-1904.

 

Locke, Mary Stoughton. Anti-Slavery in America from the Introduction of African Slaves to the Prohibition of the Slave Trade (1619-1808). Boston: Ginn & Co., 1901.

 

Mabee, Carleton. Black Freedom: The Nonviolent Abolitionists from 1830 Through the Civil War. London: Macmillan, 1970.

 

McFeely, William S. Frederick Douglass. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.

 

McKivigan, John R. The War against Proslavery Religion: Abolitionism and the Northern Churches, 1830-1865. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1984.

 

McKivigan, John R., and Stanley Harrold. Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999.

 

McPherson, James M. The Struggle for Equality. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967.

 

Mason, Martha J. Heringa, ed. Remember the Distance That Divides Us. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 2004.

 

Mason, Matthew. Slavery and Politics in the Early American Republic. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

 

Matlack, Rev. L. C. The Antislavery Struggle and Triumph in the Methodist Episcopal Church. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1881.

 

Matlack, Lucius C. The History of American Slavery and Methodism from 1780 to 1849. New York, 1849.

 

May, Samuel Joseph. Memoir of Samuel Joseph May. Boston, 1873.

 

———. Recollections of the Anti-Slavery Conflict. Boston, 1868.

 

Mayer, Henry. All on Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of Slavery. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

 

Melish, Joanne Pope. Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and “Race” in New England, 1780-1860. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.

 

Mellon, Matthew T. Early American Views on Negro Slavery: From the Time of the Founding of the Republic Until 1830. Boston: Meador Publishing Co., 1934.

 

Meyer, Howard N., ed. The Magnificent Activist: The Writings of Thomas Wentworth Higginson, 1823-1911.  Da Capo Press, 2000.

 

Mitchell, Thomas G. Antislavery Politics in Antebellum and Civil War America. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2007.

 

Mott, Lucretia Coffin. Life. 1884.

 

Muelder, Herman R. Fighters for Freedom: The History of Anti-Slavery Activities of Men and Women Associated with Knox College. New York, 1959.

 

Nash, Gary B., & Soderlund, Jean R. Freedom by Degrees: Emancipation in Pennsylvania and Its Aftermath. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

 

Nell, William C. The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution, with Sketches of Several Distinguished Colored Persons: To Which Is Added a Brief Survey of The Condition and Prospects of Colored Americans. Boston: Robert F. Wallcut, 1855.

 

Ness, Immanuel, ed. Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, Vol. 1. Armonk, NY: Sharpe, 2004.

 

Newman, Richard S. The Transformation of American Abolitionism: Fighting Slavery in the Early Republic. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

 

Northrup, Solomon. Twelve Years a Slave, 1853.

 

Nye, Russell B.. William Lloyd Garrison and the Humanitarian Reformers. Boston, 1955.

 

Painter, Nell. Sojourner Truth: A Life, A Symbol. New York: W. W. Norton, 1996.

 

Pease, William H., & Pease, Jane H. Bound With Them in Chains: A Biographical History of the Anti-Slavery Movement. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1972.

 

———. They Who Would Be Free: Blacks’ Search for Freedom, 1830-1861. New York: Atheneum, 1974.

 

———. The Antislavery Argument. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1965.

 

Pennington, James William Charles. The Fugitive Blacksmith. London, 1844.

 

Perry, Lewis, & Michael Fellman, eds. Antislavery Reconsidered: New Perspectives on the Abolitionists. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1979.

 

Pillsbury, Parker. Act of the Anti-Slavery Apostles. Rochester, NY: Author, 1883.

 

Quarles, Benjamin. Black Abolitionists. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.

 

———. Frederick Douglass. Washington, DC: Associated, 1948.

 

Raffo, Steven M. A Biography of Oliver Johnson, Abolitionist and Reformer, 1809-1889. Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2002.

 

Rankin, John. Letter on American Slavery, 1833.

 

Rappleye, Charles. Sons of Providence: The Brown Brothers, the Slave Trade, and the American Revolution. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2006.

 

Richards, Leonard L. The Slave Power: The Free North and Southern Domination, 1780-1860. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2000.

 

Ripley, C. Peter, ed. The Black Abolitionist Papers (5 Vols.). Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

 

Rollins, Francis. Life and Public Services of Martin R. Delany, 1883.  Reprint, New York: Arno, 1969.

 

Sernett, Milton C. North Star Country: Upstate New York and the Crusade for African American Freedom. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2002.

 

Siebert, Wilbur H. The Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom. New York: Macmillan, 1898.

 

Soderlund, Jean R. Quakers & Slavery: A Divided Spirit. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985.

 

Sorin, Gerald. Abolitionism: A New Perspective. New York: Praeger, 1973.

 

———. The New York Abolitionists: A Case Study of Political Radicalism. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Corporation, 1971.

 

Spradling, Mary Mace. In Black and White: Afro-Americans in print: A Guide to Afro-Americans who have Made Contributions to the United States of America from 1619-1969. Kalamazoo, MI: Kalamazoo Library System, 1971.

 

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, Anthony, Susan Brownell, & Gage, Matilda Joslyn. History of Woman Suffrage (Vol. 1), 1881.

 

Staudenraus, P. J. The African Colonization Movement, 1816-1865. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961.

 

Sterling, Dorothy. Ahead of Her Time: Abby Kelley and the Politics of Antislavery. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1991.

 

Stevens, Charles Emery. Anthony Burns: A History. Boston: John P. Jewett and Company, 1856.

 

Stewart, Austin. Twenty-Two Years a Slave and Forty Years a Freeman (2nd Ed.). Rochester, NY: 1859.

 

Stewart, James Brewer. Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery. New York: Hill and Wang, 1976.

 

Stewart, Maria W. Religion and the Pure Principles of Morality, 1831.

 

Still, William. The Underground Railroad. Philadelphia: Author, 1883.

 

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom’s Cabin, or Life Among the Lowly. 1852.  Published in serial, 1851.

 

Strong, Douglas M. Perfectionist Politics: Abolitionism and the Religious Tensions of American Democracy. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1999.

 

Talbot, Edith Armstrong. Samuel Chapman Armstrong: A Biographical Study.  New York: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1904.

 

Tappan, Lewis. Life. New York: 1871.

 

Taylor, Clare. British and American Abolitionists: An Episode in Transatlantic Understanding. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1974.

 

Thompson, C. Bradley, ed. Antislavery Political Writings, 1833-1860. New York: M. E. Sharpe, 2004.

 

Torrey, Charles Turner. Memoir of the Martyr. 1846.

 

Van Broekhoven, Deborah Bingham. The Devotion of These Women: Rhode Island in the Antislavery Network. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002.

 

Walker, David. David Walker’s Appeal. 3d ed. Baltimore, MD: Black Classic, 1993.

 

———. Walker’s Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World.

 

Walters, Ronald G. American Reformers, 1815-1860. New York: Hill and Wang, 1978.

 

———. The Antislavery Appeal: American Abolitionism After 1830. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

 

Washburne, E. B. Sketch of Edward Coles, Second Governor of Illinois, and the Slavery Struggle of 1823-4. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1882.

 

Weld, Theodore Dwight. American Slavery as it is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses, 1839.

 

Weston, “How Can I Help Abolish Slavery?, or Councels to the Newly Converted,” New York, 1855.

 

Whittier, John Greenleaf (publisher). A Narrative of Events Since the First of August, 1834, published 1837.

 

Wilson, Harriet E. Our Nig, or Sketches from the Life of a Free Black, 1859.

 

Winch, Julie. A Gentleman of Color: The Life of James Forten. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

 

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. Lewis Tappan and the Evangelical War Against Slavery. Cleveland, OH: Press of Case Western Reserve University, 1969. Reprint, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1997.

 

Yacovone, Donald. Samuel Joseph May and the Dilemmas of the Liberal Persuasion, 1797-1871. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991.

 

Yee, Shirley, J. Black Women Abolitionists: A Study in American Activism, 1828-1860. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

 

Zilversmit, Arthur. The First Emancipation: The Abolition of Slavery in the North. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967.


 

US Government Publications

 

Annals of Congess.

 

Congressional Globe.

 

Register of US Army Officers.

 

United States Army. The war of the rebellion: A compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1887.

 


 

Libraries and Archives

 

Beinecke Library, Yale University

 

Butler Library, Columbia University, New York, New York

 

Library of Congress, Washington, DC

 

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), College Park, Maryland

 

New York Historical Society, New York, New York

 

West Virginia University Libraries